Dating wing nuts
The Shakers are well known for their simple but elegant furniture.
Furniture built in the Midwest and the South is different from New England made pieces.
Shedding more heat than light they drive frustrated alienated citizens away from the reasoned discourse that can produce real solutions to our problems." Avlon has also been a columnist and associate editor for The New York Sun and worked as chief speechwriter for former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani.
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Machine plane marks are of some use in dating cupboards made as early as 1860, but machine plane marks usually suggest a construction date of 1880 or later.The introduction of the modern looking butt hinge used to hold doors on cupboards dates to 1820. By 1840, cast iron hinges became thinner as manufacturers tried to squeeze more hinges out of each pound of iron.Before 1820, hinges were made one at a time by a blacksmith. By 1880, the use of cast iron in the making of butt hinges was discontinued in favor of stamped steel.The up-and-down saw, was used in this country from the 1680s until early in the 1900s.Therefore, most boards used in the construction of early cupboards show signs of being cut with an up-and-down saw.
The circular saw although introduced in the mid 1850s could not be made big enough and powerful enough to cut lumber of the size used in furniture construction until 1880.